There is a body of research around Person-Environment fit led by Dr. Amy Kristof-Brown that takes a deep look into the
compatibility between an individual
and a work environment that occurs when their cultural values are well matched.
We can learn specific lessons about how individuals can thrive in the workplace from each of the 4 types of person-environment fit:
- Person-Job Fit (PJ Fit): fit between an individual’s cultural values and those that are required to do the actual job
- Person-Organization Fit (PO Fit): fit between an individual’s cultural values and those of the entire organization
- Person-Group Fit (PG Fit): fit between an individual’s cultural values and those of their specific work group
- Person-Supervisor Fit (PS Fit): fit between an individual’s cultural values and those of their manager
All cultural fit is important, and it’s necessary to have employees aligned with the job, organization, team and manager. People with higher “fit scores” onboard faster, perform at higher levels, are more engaged and stay with the company longer. From a hiring standpoint, “fit” plays a crucial role in predicting employee success.